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Various Sung-period biographical collections, later sources with biographies of Sung figures, and various forms of biographical information found in Sung literary collections are indexed by the following work, the most comprehensive and detailed index to documents with biographical information. Entries include brief accounts of the individual's career and reputation.
LoC: DS751.5 .S97 (Orien China )
Sung-jen chuan-chi tzu-liao so-yin
(Index to biographical materials on Sung figures).
Ch'ang Pi-te 昌彼得, Wang Te-i 王德毅, Ch'eng Yuan-min 程元敏, and Hou Chün-te 侯俊德 comp.
Taipei: Ting-wen, 1974-1976. 6 volumes.
McMullen #281.

Note that there is a digital version of this edition included in Scripta Sinica (see VI.F). It can browsed and searched full-text.

Emendations to the Sung-jen chuan-chi tzu-liao so-yin have also been published:

LoC: HN671.S534 Orien China
"Sung-jen chuan-chi tzu-liao so-yin pu-cheng".
(Supplement to the Index of biographical materials on Sung figures).
P'an Po-ch'eng 潘柏澄
Shih-huo yueh-k'an 食貨月刊 4.6 (1974): 254-263.

The Sung-jen chuan-chi tzu-liao so-yin is arranged by stroke count. Volume 6 indexes the entire work according to tzu 字 names, hao 號 names, posthumous names, etc. It is particularly valuable for its references to the various "records," "prefaces," documents of appointment, and so on, in literary collections. However, neither letters nor poems, for example, are indexed.

Of great importance is the three-volume "Supplement" to the Sung-jen chuan-chi tzu-liao so-yin, prepared in conjunction with the Ch'üan Sung wen project:

LoC: DS751 .L47 1994 China Sung-jen chuan-chi tzu-liao so-yin pu-pien
(Supplement to the Index to biographical materials on Sung figures).
Li Kuo-ling 李國玲 comp.
Ch'eng-tu: Ssu-ch'uan ta-hsueh, 1994.
3 volumes.

This draws on material not included in the Taiwan index, including recently discovered tomb inscriptions and museum collections. There are more than 14,000 new name entries and supplements to over 6,000 established entries. The arrangement of the contents is similar to that in the Taiwan index. There is an index to secondary names.

Supplementary to the above two reference works are the following two sets of indexes:

Ref (C) DS751.5 .S66 1997x Zhongguo difangzhi Songdai renwu ziliao suoyin
(Index to Song Dynasty Biographical Materials in Chinese Local Gazetteers)
Shen Zhihong 沈治宏 and Wang Ronggui 王蓉貴, comps.
Chengdu: Sichuan cishu chubanshe, 1997
4 vols.
Ref (C) DS751.5 S66 2002x Zhongguo difangzhi Songdai renwu ziliao suoyin xu bian
(Index to Song Dynasty Biographical Materials in Chinese Local Gazetteers--Continued)
Shen Zhihong 沈治宏 and Wang Ronggui 王蓉貴, comps.
Chengdu: Sichuan cishu chubanshe, 2002
4 vols.

The first name index is based on 302 local gazetteers in four gazetteer collections: 1) Song Yuan fangzhi congkan 宋元方志丛刊 (41 titles); 2) Tianyige cang Mingdai fangzhi xuankan 天一閣藏明代方志選刊 (107 titles); 3) Tianyige cang Mingdai fangzhi xuankan xubian 天一閣藏明代方志選刊續編 (109 titles); 4) Riben cang Zhongguo hanjian difangzhi congkan 日本藏中国罕见地方志丛刊 (45 titles)). The names were drawn from not only the biography sections but a wide variety of chapters. The entries are arranged according to the four-corner classification system. Appendices include pinyin and stroke order indexes, as well as an index of alternate names of the subjects included in the main body of the index.

The sequel covers Song personal names in 19 provincial gazetteers in three other gazetteer collections: 1) Zhongguo shengzhi huibian 中國省志彙編 (16 titles); 2) Zhongguo bianjiang congshu 中國邊疆叢書 (2 titles); 3) Changbai congshu chuji 長白叢書-初集 (1). This title's layout and editorial policies are identical to the first installment.

The above works supersede:

Z3101.Y446x vol.34
LoC: Z5305.C5 H36 1959 (Orien China)

Ssu-shih-ch'i-chung Sung-tai chuan-chi tsung-ho yin-te
(Combined indices to forty-seven collections of Sung-dynasty biographies)
William Hung et al.
Harvard-Yenching Institute Sinological Index Series, #34.
Peking: Harvard-Yenching Institute, 1938; rpt. Tokyo: Tōyō bunko, 1959. 24 and 199 p.
McMullen #208.

Reprints: Taibei: Chengwen Publishing Co., 1959, 1972; Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1986; Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1959, 1987. Also circulating as Songdai zhuanji ziliao congkan 宋代傳記資料叢刊 (Beijing: Beijing tushuguan chubanshe, 2006).

The Sung-jen chuan-chi tzu-liao so-yin does not entirely supersede the following:
LoC: DS734 .S6 (Orien Japan)
Sōjin denki sakuin
(Index to biographies of Sung figures).
Sōshi teiyō hensan kyōryoku iinkai
Tokyo: Tōyōbunko, 1968. 274 and 7 p.
McMullen #209.

which gives, on a single line, name, tzu, native place, the title of the Sung-period biographical document (usually a funerary inscription), its location, and three generations in the patriline (this last is not found in the larger index). Note further that the Sung-jen chuan-chi tzu-liao so-yin indexes biographies in Sung and Yuan local gazetteers, as does the

Ref (C) DS735.C5266
LoC: DS735 .C5266 (Orien China)
Sung-Yuan fang-chih chuan-chi so-yin.
(Index to biographies in Sung and Yuan local gazetteers).
Chu Shih-chia 朱士嘉 comp.
Peking: Chung-hua shu-chü, 1963. 9 and 192 p.

but does not index Ming- and Ch'ing-period gazetteers, many of which include information from lost Sung-period works. The Ssu-ch'uan ta-hsueh index does do this.

Missing from the Sung-jen index also are references to funerary biographical inscriptions for monks. In addition to the supplements mentioned above reseachers at Sichuan University published an index to biographical information on Song monks.

  Song seng lu
(A Record of Song Monks)
Li Guoling 李国玲
Beijing: Xianzhuang shuju, 2001
2 vols. 1278 p.

This is a biographical index of over 6100 Song monks, indexed by Buddhist names. The compiler culled information from Buddhist texts as well as collected writings by Song and Yuan Dynasty authors, historical materials, local gazetteers, and biji.
The layout is similar to Chang Bide's index and its supplements. The main index is arranged by the four corners system. There is a name index by stroke order, and there are also indices for variant names.

For an earlier list of biographical inscriptions in the Buddhist canon, see:

J1880.7/1523 Sōdai Zenshūshi no kenkyū
LoC: BQ9412.9.C6 I84 1987 Japan 宋代禪宗史の研究
(Studies of the history of the Ch'an sect in the Sung period).
Ishii Shūdō 石井修道
Tokyo: Daitō shuppansha, 1987, pp. 555-562.


Ref (C) CS2990 .S66 2001x Song ren hangdi kao lu
(Record of Numerical Lineage Names for Song Dynasty Persons)
Deng Zimian 鄧子勉
Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2001. [1], 14, 602 p.
This title indexes personal names based on numerical designations indicating a person's position in his or her lineage. The entry, giving the last name and numerical name, lists the person's main name, zi and hao, as well as a reference to the source in which the numerical name appears. There is an index of names, including the numerical names, zi and hao. This work is based on a very extensive corpus of texts (including wenji, biji, the two Song examination graduates lists, inscriptions, historical sources, poetry collections, leishu and fangzhi).

For bibliographical information on tomb inscriptions, see Dieter Kuhn and Helga Stahl's Annotated Bibliography to the Shike shiliao xinbianin III.C. In addition note the listing of recently unearthed funerary biographies:

Ref (C) PN6297.C45 J86 1993
LoC: PN6297.C45 J86 1993 China
1949-1989 Ssu-shi nien ch'u-t'u mu-chih mu-lu
1949-1989 四十年出土墓志目錄
(Catalogue of funerary biographies unearthed 1949-89).
Jung Li-hua 榮麗華 comp. Wang Shih-min 王世民 ed.
Peking: Chung-hua, 1993. 548 p.
(Sung figures are in items #587-845)

This also indexes places of publication, authors of inscriptions, and subjects.

Finally, a great deal of biographical information can be garnered from the personal-name indexes listed in Section VI below.

There are indexes to biographical materials for the periods before and after Sung:

Ref (C) Z3108.A3 F8 1982
LoC: Z3108.A3 F8 1982 China
T'ang Wu‑tai jen‑wu chuan‑chi tzu‑liao tsung-ho so‑yin
(Comprehensive index to biographical materials on T'ang and Five Dynasties figures).
Fu Hsuan‑tsung 傅璇琮 comp.
Peking: Chung‑hua shu-chü, 1982. 731 p.
Ref (C and J) DS751.76.U44 1972x
LoC: DS734 .U46 (Orien Japan)
Ryō Kin Genjin denki sakuin
(Index to biographies of Liao, Chin, and Yuan figures).
Umehara Kaoru 梅原郁 comp.
Kyoto: Kyōto daigaku Jinbun kagaku kenkyūjo, 1972. 219, 103, 24 p.
LoC: Z3108.A3 W37 China
Yuan-jen chuan-chi tzu-liao so-yin
(Index to biographical materials on Yuan figures).
Wang Te-i 王德毅, Li Jung-ts'un 李榮村, and P'an Po-ch'eng 潘柏澄 comp.
Taipei: Hsin-wen-feng ch'u-pan-she, 1979-1982.

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